to challenge the wind of the desert!
Divine horses, equine aristocrats, fabled steeds,
effulgent diamonds - such flowery epithets have been lavished upon that unique
equine breed - the Akhal-Teke. Prized by Alexander the Great, Darius the Great,
Genghis Khan, Roman emperors, Marco Polo, and many others, the Akhal-Tekes have
served people for over 3,000 years.
Absolutely everything about this horse is unique,
outlandish and stunning. It is the most ancient breed on earth. It is one of
the most beautiful, elegant and proud horses in the world. Its endurance and
resistance to heat are second to none.
Turkmenistans national emblem featuring the
| The Akhal-Tekes come
from the Kara-Kum Desert in Turkmenia. It is a place for the toughest
people and equines.
The Turkmens would never have survived without
the Akhal-Teke, and vice versa. Turkmens were the first desert people to
produce a horse ideal for the environment.
Todays Akhal-Teke is a race, sports
and endurance horse, and a riveting circus performer. Smaller Akhal-Tekes
make great Western horses because of their quickness.
The Akhal-Teke takes its name from a Turmenian
tribe Teke that lives at the Akhal oasis. It is one of the
most distinctive horses in the world. Nearly everything about it is exotic
and outlandish. Experience of Russians, themselves a race with an Asiatic
mentality, shows that some Westerners have a difficulty perceiving the
unusual nature of everything about that fiery steed born to challenge
the wind of the desert and catch the fancy of Alexander the Great and
a long line of historic figures of Greece, Rome, and the Levant.
But the horse is not exactly meant to grace
with his presence fancy air-conditioned stables, and to be fed in a way
that suits German or Swedish warmbloods. Russians will never understand
the European possessors of ex-kings of the desert who proudly parade in
front of them overfed underexercised creatures hot-ready for Hanover or
Holstiner show rings.
The Akhal-Tekes exterior makes it very different
from other breeds. Some authorities maintain that the Akhal-Teke incorporates
almost every conventional conformational failing... and, nevertheless,
he is amazingly beautiful and divine, an arrogant equine aristocrat. This
confusion comes from using conventional yardsticks to judge an extremely
For a European or American horse expert to assess an Akhal-Teke requires
a conversion. For Russians used to Dons, Orlovs, Kabardins, and an array
of other Russian equine stalwarts, understanding Akhal-Tekes is no problem.
They have admired those divine horses for centuries.
The Akhal-Tekes conformation
is ideal for the environment that produced it.
Its body is tube-like; the breast
is narrow; the back is long; the rib-cage is shallow; the
loin is long and unpronounced. The quarters are narrow, and would
be a nightmare in another horse, but they are spare and sinewy; the
croup is quite long, muscular and with a normal sloping angle.
The withers are high, long and well muscled. The shoulders are
long, with good slope and very clean shoulder bed. The coat is
exceptionally fine and the skin thin, in character with a horse of
desert origins. A feature of the breed is a short, silky tail.
Head and neck
The head is fine and elegant, in harmony
with the body, with wide cheeks. The nose line
is straight or slightly dish-like, and the big eyes give an impression
of boldness. The nostrils are wide, thin and dry, and there is
width between the long, beautifully shaped alert ears. The head
joins the long, lean neck at an angle of 45 degrees. The neck is
set very high and almost vertically to the body. The forelock and
mane are not very long.
The line from the mouth is often higher than the withers, a feature peculiar
to the breed.
Legs and feet
The legs are long, clean and
dense with clearly defined sinews. The forelegs are usually set close
together and are straight; the forearm is long. The hindlegs are
long, the hocks are carried high off the ground. The feet are
small but regular, the heels are set low, the hoofs are small and
hard. Fetlocks have little to no hair.
The Akhal-Tekes pasterns differ from those of other breeds. In
other breeds the front pasterns are normally a little bit longer and are
positioned a little less vertically than the rear ones. But an
Akhal-Tekes rear pasterns are not shorter than the front ones, and are
positioned less vertically than the front ones. Probably, it is an unusually
loose surface that made the Akhal-Teke horses develop a specifically shaped
The Akhal-Tekes movements are unique, like
the horse itself. The way he carries his body, turns his head, shifts
his sensitive ears, rears, etc., is absolutely fascinating.
The Akhal-Tekes are products of the sand desert, and the style of their
pace is ideal for sands. It is specifically soft and elastic.
The Akhal-Tekes desert cousin, the Arabian, comes from a stony desert,
and he usually walks lifting a leg high, with his body shaking.
Though the Akhal-Tekes pasterns are somewhat more upright, he walks
in a much smoother manner, sort of sliding over the ground in a flowing
movement without swinging the body, which is better balanced. The push
is elastic but powerful.
The trot is also free-sliding, and the gallop is easy and long. The jumping
action of the Akhal-Tekes is cat-like.
Temperament and attitude
The Akhal-Teke horses are vigorous, excitable,
and restless. Thousands of years of selective breeding have left their mark not
only on their physical appearance and efficiency, but also on their behavior.
These horses are not only sensible but also very sensitive; they are even able
to respond to mental suggestions of humans. Their intelligence is not
comparable to any other breed.
They are essentially one-master horses. Some Tekes may be difficult when ridden
by strangers. With them you cannot achieve obedience by shouting or punishment.
A glance, a small gesture, or a soft-spoken word are sufficient. A punishment
not understood by the horse can cause them to be in a defensive mood for weeks.
They are horses with character, outspoken individuals.
Says Sue Waldock, President of the Akhal-Teke Association of GB: They
respond best to daily love and attention, a bit like a dog. If you ignore a dog
it will misbehave too. Bonding with a human owner is in their
They are not suited to nervous or irritable humans.
They not only need a sensitive rider, but a human being who can share
their feelings when they gallop over vast areas just for the joy of movement.
They are not suited to the limitations of modern stables, which kill their
spirit. They are horses belonging to wide open spaces.
Hardly any breed can compare with the
Akhal-Teke in variety of colors, which include chestnut, bay, gray, palomino
(isabella) , raven black, dun. All the colors, except for raven black, are gold
iridescent (the gray ones are silvery). This makes the Akhal-Teke horses very
The percentages of colors within the breed according to a survey made in 1978:
black 11.7%, dark-brown 1.9%; sorrel 10%; dun
17.1%; palomino 6.1%; and white 10.2%. Light palominos were
previously excluded from breeding because their eyesight is poorer in glaring
During the past few years a certain shift occurred due to a decrease in
gray-white horses, which was caused by their being more susceptible to
melanoma. As a result of this, there are more bay horses of all shades
now, including perlino and dun. This in turn can be accounted for by the
increased demand for horses with special colors (gold and silver shine),
especially in international markets.
Stock sire of the breed
Mele Kush 1909
Everdy Telek 1914
Ak Belek 1931
Among 250 equine breeds known today in the world the Akhal-Teke horse
is universally considered one of the most ancient ones. Many researchers regard
it as the most ancient one. Of ancient noblesse, older than that of the
Arabian or the English Thoroughbred, the Akhal-Teke is a full-blooded horse
that is second to none.
The Akhal-Tekes origins are lost in the dark of centuries, or even
millennia. Cuneiform texts found in Assyria tell us about horses or, as they
were then called donkeys from the mountains from Midis and Urartu.
Tiglatpalasar (1115-1077 B.C.) wrote: I seized huge herds of horses,
mules, and other cattle from their meadows. I made them pay a tribute of 1200
Herodotus provides a description of ten sacred horses in magnificent harness
that were paving the way for the sacred chariot of Akhuramazda in the army of
Xerxes. Those horses were bred in the Nisei plain between Balkh and
Midis. They were graceful, had long, thin and flexible necks, large eyes,
clearly shaped heads, thin and strong legs.
Images of the Akhal-Teke horse dated to 9th centuries B.C., or even from the
4th to the 2nd millennia B.C., are found in the territory between the Caucasus
| A horse from Pazyryk excavation (6th century
Reconstructed by Swedish hippologist Bo Furugren
Most interesting archaeological evidence was
unearthed in famous Pazyryk ancient man-made stony hill in Altai (Southern
Siberia). The hill was a burial place of a Scythian chieftain. A permafrost
layer at the foot of the hill had almost perfectly conserved equine remains,
dated at the 6th century B.C. The horses discovered were very close to the
modern Akhal-Teke breed.
||Skeletons of horses
more than 2,500 years old, discovered during archaeological digs at Anau, near
Ashgabad, also point to their link with modern-day Akhal-Tekes. Around 1,000
B.C. the Indo-German Bactrian tribe raised horses on the north slopes of
Afghanistan that were very similar to the Akhal-Teke horses of
Since ancient times the heavenly
horses were a political issue. The Persian emperor Cyrus married
a daughter of King of Medes Astyages to gain access to the Bactrian horses,
which he was unable to secure by force. Alexander the Great, through his
marriage to Roxane, the daughter of a Bactrian king, acquired the fastest
and most gallant horses of his time. It is to them he owed much of his
successes on the battlefield. The Chinese, under Emperor Wu, in 103 B.C.,
even started a war to acquire those horses.
Probe, an emperor of Rome, is known to have been presented with an Akhal-Teke
horse that could cover the distance of 150 kilometers a day for up to
ten days in a row.
The Akhal-Tekes have been valued in Baghdad Caliphate (9-10th centuries
A.D.). The Caliphates elite army consisted of mounted Turkmen who
rode Turkmenian thoroughbreds.
Alexander the Great, Darius the Great the Persian ruler and king
of kings; Genghis Khan, and his rival Dzhelaletdin, a Seljuk Turkmenian
national who forced Genghis Khan to give up an idea of a crusade to India,
the lords of Parpha, Mongolia and Turkey, are all known to have used the
Godly, heavenly horses in their military campaigns.
Most emotional records are extant of medieval European visitors of Turkmenistan.
Marco Polo paid tribute to the Turkmenian horse. He wrote that Turkmenistan
was producing excellent large horses that were selling at 200 libras each.
Marco Polo traced the ancestry of Akhal-Tekes to Bucephalos, the legendary
stallion of Alexander the Great. Alexanders affection for that horse
has a material evidence. At the death of his stallion, Alexander interrupted
his campaign to erect a memorial tomb in his honor, which is still in
existence in Pakistan.
The discovery of a Sea Passage from Europe to India considerably reduced
the importance of the continental Silk Road. The Silk Road
crossed Turkmenistan and contributed a lot to interaction of Asiatic peoples.
The peoples settled down along this way, Turkmen included, became forgotten.
Since the 17th century the role of the Akhal-Teke horse was mistakenly
assigned to the Arabian breed.
||The present-day Akhal-Teke is
the perfect result of the survival-of-the-fittest theory at work
for millennia. They have been exposed to the unparalleled rigors of the
environment and testing uses to which they have been put by their
Like Arabs, Turkmen have been guarding the purity of their thoroughbreds for
centuries. They helped the Akhal-Teke pass on his nobility through millennia.
Professor Vitt, an expert in and the author of books on the Akhal-Teke horses,
pointed out that the Akhal-Teke horse managed to preserve in itself the
last drops of the source of thorough blood that generated the world riding
It took Turkmen centuries to perfect the breed. The horse has been virtually
produced by the humans, to live with the humans, to fight with the humans, and
to die with the humans. Turkmen, those denizens of the desert, needed a
companion horse that would survive in the red-hot sands, carry a warrior with
his weapons and supplies for days on end. The very existence of the Turkmenian
tribes was to a large measure dependent on the possession of the superior
A horse has always been the best friend of the Turkman. Each horse was looked
upon as the dearest member of the family. Such a treatment allowed the perfect
selection of the best individuals for continuous improvement of the breed. The
Turkmen have a saying: After you have visited your father, see your
The Akhal-Teke horses were never allowed to graze in a free herd. Instead, each
horse was individually brought up and taken care of.
However, this did not spoil the horses. On the
contrary, skilled seises trainers helped the horses develop
extraordinary stamina and speed. The Akhal-Tekes can stand hunger and heat.
They can also do without water longer than other breeds.
Turkmen used to hand feed Akhal-Tekes with a high-protein diet of dry lucerne,
pellets of mutton fat, eggs, barley and quatlame, a fried dough cake.
In the 20th century a few English horses
have been taken to Turkmenistan to upgrade the breed. Fortunately,
it was understood quite soon that that could destroy the unique characteristics
of the Akhal-Teke horse. The experiment was discontinued. It is safe to say now
that the Akhal-Teke is the worlds purest breed.
|| When breeders increased the
size of Akhal-Tekes, they began to be used extensively in classical equestrian
sports. Moreover, statistics shows that in relative terms the Akhal-Tekes have
been the most successful breed in Russian equestrian sports.
A household name with all lovers of the breed is the black Absent, the
seven-times national champion, the Olympic champion of Rome in 1960, the Bronze
medalist of Tokyo in 1964. International journalists dubbed the stallion the
Horse of the World.
Another Akhal-Teke outstanding dressage horse was Abakan, who with Elena
Petushkova won the National Championship in 1979 and the USSR Winter
Akhal-Tekes excel in jumping as well. They jump like cats. Absents sire
Arab jumped 2.12 meters; Poligon jumped 2.25 meters the record for
Akhal-Tekes. A remarkable feat was performed by the Akhal-Teke stallion Perepel
in 1950 in Ashgabad, when he did a broad jump of 8.78 meters. The official
record acknowledged by FEI stands at 8.26 meters.
The Akhal-Teke has a huge potential in
classical sports that should be developed.
The Akhal Teke and Other Breeds
The ancient Turkmenian horse was so much superior
to other contemporary breeds, that the horse was very much sought after. The
Turkmen did all they could not to allow uncontrolled spread of their treasured
steeds. It was not that easy, since Turkmen were taking part in numerous
campaigns, not only in Central Asia, but also in Iran, Arabia, Egypt and even
Spain. Nevertheless, Turkmen did manage to preserve the superior qualities and
beauty of their national horse.
The Akhal-Teke and the Arabian
There is an historical evidence that proves
that the Arabian thoroughbreds appeared much later than the Akhal-Teke ones.
For instance, Herodotus pointed out that warriors of the Arabian origin in the
army of Xerxes used camels, and not horses as a means of transportation. A
cuneiform script dated 733 B.C. says king Taglatfalassar seized in Arabia 30
thousand camels and 20 thousand cattle. Though the operation is described in
much detail, no horses have ever been mentioned.
Even Sardanapal V, who bragged he had collected all treasures of Arabia, did
not say a word about horses. Strabonus who was seeing off the Roman commander
Gallicus to Arabia said: Arabia possesses plenty of horned cattle, but
there are no horses, mules, pigs, goats or hens there.
Only Ammian Martselin, who lived in the second half of the fourth century,
spoke casually about horses, when describing customs and habits of
Hence, the Arabs were not been using horses in
the early centuries of A.D.
Thus, it is safe to assume that it was the
ancient equine breeds of Iran and Central Asia, the noble Turkmenian breed
included, that have contributed to the Arabian breed. So, the broadly accepted
notion of the Arabian breed being the worlds elder, and the Akhal-Teke
horse being its offspring, is not supported by historical data. The body of
historical evidence testifies quite to the opposite.
The Arabian expert C.R. Raswan proves that the high breeding results of the
Turkmenian horses caused the Arab breeders in Iraq to pair their mares of the
Muniqui line with the Akhal-Teke stallions.
The Akhal-Teke and the
|The English thoroughbred counts
besides the Arabian Darley Arabian (1713) and the noble Barb Godolphin Barb
(1731) also the Turkmenian Byerly Turk (1689) as their ancestors (the names
alone point to their origin). We find still other Turkmenian stallions, such as
Darcy Yellow Turk and Darcy White Turk.
During the Protectorate, Oliver Cromwell, who
was ardent lover of horses, purchased Darcy White Turk, recorded as the most
beautiful southeastern horse ever brought to England. Then followed Helmsley
Turk (1675), Acaster Turk, Belgrade Turk (1675), Johnsons Turk and
Piggots Turk, to name but a few.
Later on, Akhal-Tekes continued to influence English and Irish breeding. In
1877 an Akhal-Teke stallion was imported to England and then to Ireland. The
stallion was remembered for his staggering stud fee of 20,000 guineas. He
influenced the development of the Irish Hunter.
The Akhal-Teke and the
Outstanding Akhal-Teke Individual horses
reached various countries of Western Europe. Some of them are still remembered.
For instance, a stallion by the name Turkmen-Atti became a founder of a highly
valued and the most widespread line of Trakehners early in the 19th century.
The Turkmen-Atti story is quite indicative of the ways exotic Turkmenian horses
found their way into Europe. In the 1890s he was presented to empress Catherine
the Great. The horse somehow emerged in Austria some time later, allegedly an
Arabian from Damascus. People there were unable to determine his breed. They
brought him to Professor Nauman of Berlin, an unsurpassed equine expert of the
day. The professor studied the horse carefully and proclaimed that the Arabians
were not so tall and they did not have such a golden sheen. It took the
professor some time to find out that the horse was brought to Vienna and Berlin
At a royal reception foreign visitors were treated to a horse show. The unknown
horse caught everybodys fancy with its elegance and golden color. A
visitor from Turkey exclaimed enthusiastically: A Turkmenian horse!
Thats how the mystery was solved and how the horse came to be known as
Turkmen Atti (The Turkmenian horse).
Turkmen Atti, and his numerous offspring, passed their qualities to the
Trakehner thoroughbreds of Germany, the Nonius thoroughbreds of Hungary,
half-breeds of Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia.
Karl W. Amman, the manager of the Trakehner
farms, strongly suggested in 1834 the utilization of the Akhal-Tekes in a
program to ennoble the European warmblood lines. His views were echoed by J.
Russel Mannings in 1882: The Akhal-Teke is, of all breeds, the best
suited to improve the warmblood riding horse.
The Akhal-Teke and Oriental & Russian
The Akhal-Teke thoroughbred significantly
influenced the development of cultured horse-breeding in Iran, Afghanistan,
Pakistan, India, and other counties of the East. Among these are the Karabair,
Lokai, Naiman, Karabach, and Kabardin.
Also, the Akhal-Teke influenced many of Russias breeds, such as the Don,
Strelets, and Orlov-Rostopchin
Names of Horses
||Turkmen use many words and
expressions to describe and name horses. These words refer to a horses
color, markings, and temper. The following are a few examples.
Turkmenian names of Akhal-Tekes horses often contain information about their
colors: the word Mele means dun; Kara, black; Dor, bay;
If a horse has an ermine above the hoof, the horse will be called Ak
Toinak (White Hoof). If a horse has a white sock, it will be referred to as
Ak Bilek (White Forearm).
Turkmen like white markings on their horses legs. In olden days they
said, one white leg means one denga (local money unit), two white legs
mean two dengas, and three white legs mean three dengas. But four white legs
are believed to be too much a suggestion of no money. Quite similarly,
Turkmen believe that white stains on the stomach are a poor sign. They have a
saying: A man riding a piebald horse would not conquer a mountain.
A white star on a horses forehead is called Depel. Thats why
some horses are called, say, Ghyrdepel (a gray with a star),
Dordepel (a bay with a star). Horses with a white muzzle are named
Burnak. Turkmen adore that marking.
Inche is the name given to horses with a white stripe. And so,
Inchedor means a black with a stripe, and Inchegara
means a sorrel with a white stripe. White-faced horses are called
Horses with a white tail and a white mane are known as Akial.
Akials body may be dun or gray. Turkmen believe Russians prefer Akials,
especially for circus performances. Turkmen like them, too.
For Turkmen the least favored color is Chakhan, whitish with red eyes
albinos. Red eyes cannot stand bright sunshine. Aksakals (the elders)
believe those horses harbor vicious ghosts.
The color most favored by Turkmen in dun with black knees and the tail. The
forelock is raven-black. If you take a good look at the head, you could see
some tiny eyebrow-like stripes above big black eyes. Thin ears have black
fringes. A marvelous combination of colors!
Purely gray horses are believed to be beautiful as well. When adorned with
national Turkmenian silver decorations, gray horses look stunning.
It is not only colors and markings that are reflected in Akhal-Tekes
names. Turkmen like to compare their mounts to birds, hence one finds the word
Kush so often in horse names. For instance, Mele Kush means a dun
Winner of a multi-breed five-day ride in 1945
|The Akhal-Tekes are horses of
extraordinary endurance. They were referred to as greyhounds among
horses (R.S. Summerhays). Endurance was developed by the most rigorous
natural selection in raids and wars, in which thousands of horses died, and
only the toughest survived to pass on their phenomenal qualities to their
progeny. Stamina was also achieved by fairly unusual methods of training and
Fraser writes about this: The endurance of these horses is indeed
incredible. When Turkmen start on one of their plundering raids the horses are
not only burdened with the riders' weight, but have to carry a supply of
provisions as well; and despite of that, they cover 80-100 English miles in 24
hours, and often can do this for several days in a row. When Turkmen plan to
make a raid requiring strong effort and speed, they make their horses run a
distance of many miles daily, feed them sparsely with barley and wrap them up
with blankets during the night. They continue to do this until all superfluous
fat disappears and their muscles become hard as marble. They check the desired
condition of the flesh by examining the neck muscles and thighs. After thus
being prepared, the horse attains incredible speed and endurance, and he will
run almost as long as his rider demands without losing strength or getting
tired. Horses which are well nourished before starting on such a sortie seldom
can withstand exertion of such kind.
Muraviov in his book Travels Through Turmenistan and China (1820) wrote:
It is hard to imagine what these horses can endure, in eight days they
cover about 143 German miles through waterless, bare deserts, eating only small
quantities of Gogan (millet) and sometimes going without water for four
days in a row.
In the 1880s when the Russians came to Turkmenistan they were amazed by the
performance of the Akhal-Tekes. Colonel Artsyshevsky wrote in the Magazine
of Horse Breeding (1882, No 2): I had at times to cover 160
kilometers a day switching horses, whereas the Turkmenian jighits who
accompanied us were riding on their horses, and were even sent out on outriding
and scouting missions. In addition to the rider and the saddle, the horses
carried at all times huge felt coats and various supplies.
Major Spolatbog in the same magazine (1881, No 12) recounts an episode of the
Gheok-Tepin battle: An Akhal-Teke stallion with three Teke warriors and
two heavy felt coats aboard and wounded by a saber escaped the pursuit of
Cossacks over shifting sands and reached Merv (500 km away).
In 1935 Akhal-Teke and Iomud horses completed a
ride from Ashgabad to Moscow, a distance of 4,300 km, in 84 days. It
included some 360 km of desert, much of it crossed virtually without water.
This feat has never been equaled.
The Turkmen have a saying: If the carpet is the Turkmans soul, the
horse is his wings. This horsey carpet was made to
commemorate the 1935 ride. It is a winged soul!
(There is a video documenting that
In 1945 a 500-km endurance race in Moscow of
eight breeds was won by the Akhal-Teke Tarlan. Further rides were in 1983 and
1988, and again Akhal-Tekes were winners.
A Turkmenian team will take part in the Nissan
World Equestrian Games at Punchestown, Ireland. They have high hopes of winning
the 160 km, eight-hour endurance event
Peren line founder
Son of Peren
|Since times out of mind the
Turkmenian and their horses have been inseparable. And it is only natural that
in a nation that has been so much dependent on its horses there would be many
legends and songs about mutual devotion of people and horses. The Akhal-Tekes
are invariable personages of Turkmenian fairy tales and parables.
The horse by the name of Gyr-at (Gray horse) is the main hero of the famous
Turkmenian saga Kerogly, or Gherogly.
Fact and fable blur into one as people recount the proud past of one of the
worlds most noble breeds.
Here is one legend:
One horse was invincible in a traditional race. The elders then ruled that this
horse should compete with a falcon. Thousands of people came to watch the
The horse swung into gallop the moment the falcon started its flight. And the
horse won. Since then people give birds' names to horses, such as Melekush,
Garaggush, Lachyn, Durna, Burgut, etc.
Turkmen have many beliefs and superstitions
concerned with horses. Hence the trappings of their horses may include many
exotic omens and charms.
Turkmenian like to be aware of the ancestry
of both people and horses. So, when two men meet for the first time they
greet each other this way: Whats your clan? or Whom
do you belong to? Much like the Arabs, the Turkmen had no written
records of their horses pedigrees. But the masculine line has always
been remembered. Fathers used to pass this data on to their sons in story-telling.
It would not be an exaggeration to say that every Turkman knows the names
of the best Turkmenian thoroughbreds and sires.
Nowadays, any Turkman, even though he is not involved in breeding or training,
let alone professional seis (trainers), would recite the lineage
of celebrity stallions in detail.
Turkmen have traditionally valued superior horses. That is why they used
to take their mares to extraordinary stallions, no matter how long the
The owner of Bek-Nazar-Dor, the stock sire of a line that is still highly
valued, was riding his Akhal-Teke stallion between settlements during
the breeding season.
Now the data on all stallions and broodmares is recorded in properly kept
stud books. The data is based on verified archives, and inquiries among
Documenting the breed begins only since 1885, the year of the birth of
Boinou by Lelyaning Chepi, Karamchis grandson, Kutly Sakars
great grandson just so generations could remember the illiterate
The first proper study of the breed was conducted in 1927 by an expedition
headed by K. Gorelov, to whom goes much of credit for the analysis of
word-of-mouth pedigrees and the construction of the genealogical structure
of the breed.
His findings, supplemented by further studies, laid the foundation for
the State Stud Book of Central Asian Equine Breeds published
in 1941. It contained information about 287 stallions and 468 mares of
||All the information and
photographs for this section were kindly provided by Troika, the ultimate
Russian horse resource online. For further information on Russian horses and
horsemanship please click
The Akhal-Teke Society of Great Britain
Asphodel Rock Wadebridge Cornwall, PL27 6NW
Tel. +44 (0) 1208 862226
Fax: +44 (0) 1208 862226
Contact person: Sue Waldock e-mail: