INSEMINATION: THE FROZEN SEMEN OPTION
For stallion owners in the UK the option
of having semen collected and frozen from their stallion for future use
opens up a whole new dimension to the services which they can offer.
Collection and storage of semen for use within
the UK is primarily seen as an insurance policy should the stallion be
injured. It also enables a stallion who is competing to fulfil his stud
duties whilst still concentrating on a competitive career. It is further
possible to store semen so that bloodlines can be re-introduced at a later
date; this is particularly useful where the progeny of a stallion prove
themselves after his death. By having semen collected for export the stallion
owner can sell coverings from his stallion all year round. When the covering
season in the northern hemisphere is coming to a close the season in the
southern hemisphere is just getting underway.
Whilst quarantining and transporting a stallion
to Australia for the breeding season may not be cost effective, not to
mention very stressful for the stallion, the collection and export of
frozen semen could be!
The quarantining of stallions for the collection
of semen for export involves testing for various diseases as laid down
by the competent authority of the importing country. This has to be carried
out at a MAFF approved quarantine facility by a veterinary surgeon approved
by the Ministry of Agriculture in the UK. After the tests have been carried
the semen is collected, frozen and stored prior to shipping.
In order for semen to be imported to or exported
from the UK it is necessary for the stallion to be quarantined for a minimum
period of 30 days and to be tested for a number of diseases such as EVA,
Equine Infectious Anaemia and CEM. This is to safeguard the mares on whom
the semen is to be used and their unborn foals. When thinking about using
imported frozen semen consideration should also be given to the quality
of the semen which is being provided. When importing semen from countries
other than those in the European Union licences from the Ministry of Agriculture
must be obtained as well as export licences and health certificates from
the competent authority in the exporting countries. If the semen is being
imported from a EU country it should be accompanied by the relevant health
certificates but does not now require import and export licences.
Exporting semen from the UK to countries
worldwide is a way of spreading the genetic base and introducing new bloodlines
into countries without the risk or expense of transporting the stallion.
A number of countries do not allow the importation of in-foal mares so
it is not possible to send a mare to a stallion in the UK and then return
her home before foaling.
The interior of the mobile laboratory
The AI Centre has a
mobile laboratory as well as Ministry of Agriculture approved Stallion
Quarantine and Semen Collection Centres throughout the UK offering
stallion owners a complete semen collection, evaluation and freezing
Advice and assistance can be given
to those wishing to provide chilled semen from their stallions and
also to those who wish to have semen frozen. If a stallion owner
prefers we can visit their premises to collect and process semen
for use within the UK.
|This article is kindly
provided by the AI Centre.
For further information please visit
their website -click